London: Burns Oates & Washbourne Limited, 1924. First edition thus. Thick octavo (9 inches tall), original blue beveled cloth boards, original dust jacket. A nearly-fine copy. Item #829
"CATHOLICS OF BOTH SEXES THAT HAVE SUFFERED DEATH IN ENGLAND ON RELIGIOUS ACCOUNTS" Valuable "New Edition" of Bishop Challoner's eighteenth-century chronicles of the English Martyrs, revised and corrected by the Jesuit historian John Hungerford Pollen—complete in the scarce original dust jacket. Richard Challoner was baptized Catholic as a teenager. After his ordination at Douay, Challoner returned to London in 1730 to shepherd the isolated Recusant community as Vicar Apostolic from 1740 to 1781. The first edition of Challoner's two-volume martyrology, published in 1741-42, was a forceful Catholic response to the popularity of John Foxe's Protestant Book of Martyrs. Fr. Pollen's four-part Introduction notes that this edition is a revision of the (still-best) first edition: "But new matter, abundant in quantity as well as most valuable in quality, is still to be found in Catholic sources, too many of which Challoner never obtained access. It was impossible for him to travel, or to spend in researches the considerable time which would have been necessary to obtain the information then existing in Rome or in Spain, or in the English Catholic colleges and convents on the continent."
The work is divided into two sections, Part I. 1577 - 1603, and Part II. 1603 - 1684, beginning with Cuthbert Maine in November 1577 and concluding with the July 1681 martyrdom of the celebrated Dr. Oliver Plunkett, Archbishop of Armagh, Primate of Ireland. A less well-known but equally tragic account concerns the case of James Duckett, a Lay Convert and Bookseller, accused (by a Bookbinder) of being in possession of Robert Southwell's Supplication to the Queen. Pronounced guilty, "Mr. Duckett suffered at Tyburn, April 19, 1601." Fr. Pollen also remarks on the new index: "This edition is also noticeable for the full and very valuable index, compiled by Miss N. O'Farrell, in which I wish attention to the analytical sections, which illustrate fully the pious practices and the spirituality of the martyrs." I. Index of Names. Persons and Places, and II. Analytical Index. The English Martyrs. A fine example of Richard Challoner's enduring influence on English Catholicism.